Letter G sound

Introduction

The letter g sound can be a challenging sound for students when learning English, as the sound can be a bit harder to pronounce and write. This is because of the positioning of the tongue in the mouth.

We recommend to spend more time when teaching this sound, and make sure the students can say and write it well before moving on. It will be also important for them to blend this sound well, even when the letter /g/ occurs at the end of the word. Buy some phonics books in case you need more practice.

Phonics Pronunciation

The letter /g/ sound is usually taught while pretending to drink water, and saying the g-g-g sound. When saying this sound you can focus on the movement in your throat, as this is a voiced sound, which means your vocal cords are vibration when making the /g/ sound. The /k/ sound and /g/ sound are similar, but the /g/ sound is voiced, while the /k/ sound is not. 

To make this sound put your tongue near the back of the top of your mouth. When air is release through, your tongue stops and releases it when it is lowered from the top of the mouth. This process makes the /g/ sound. Some students may have troubles when saying this sound, so remember this process to identify where the students are making a mistake, and how to fix it.

When practicing this sound, be sure to repeat it as much as possible, so the students can practice saying the g-g-g sound a lot. It is important for them to understand how to make the sound, and it’s difference from the /k/ sound. After they can say the /g/ sound well, you can move on to adding vowel variations, like ga,ga,ga, go,go,go, gee,gee,gee, goo,goo,goo. Once they can blend these sounds, you can introduce them the basic CVC words for blending.

Checkout this video on the letter g sound!

Visual hints

As some students may have difficulties when pronouncing the /g/ sound, it’s better to introduce them various techniques to help them along the way. Some students may not know where to position their tongue when saying the /g/. Try a technique where you law down on your back. Have the student try to say the /g/ from this position, as gravity will naturally pull their tongue to the back of their mouth. This may help them with their tongue positioning when saying the /g/ sound. Have them repeat the /g/ sound from this position, and once they can say it several times, stand them back up and and repeat the sound.

Another activity for the students is have them copy your action on pretending to drink water and saying the /g/ sound. If this still doesn’t work, you can have them try gargling water at home. This will help strengthen their tongue muscles and put their tongues in the write place to say the /g/ and /k/ sounds.

Handwriting Help with letter /G/

Writing the letter /g/ can also be a bit tricky for students, as the letter contains more strokes, so it’s hard for students to remember. To help them memorize it, go back to the letter /c/ as the base, as this will help them when writing the uppercase and lowercase /g/. After writing the letter /c/ well, have then start with the letter /c/ and continue the shape up and down with the tail to create the letter /g/. This will be easier for the uppercase /G/, as they just need to write /c/ and continue up and to the left. 

If they still have troubles, emphasize the letter /c/, and tell them to start with this to make the letter. As the /g/ and /k/ sound are similar, you can even write the /c/ letter first and say c-c-c, then continue to write the letter /g/ and say the g-g-g. This can teach them that adding a few extra lines can transform the /c/ sound into the /g/ sound. You can also checkout some ABC books to help with this.

Activity hints

The English word “gurgle” starts with /g/ for a reason! You can use this fact to help the students, and practice gurgling with the students to make this sound. Be careful as this activity can get a bit messy. Once they can gurgle, you can practice this action without any water to make the /g/ sound. This “gurgle” sound and process will be the same when they are making the /g/ sound, so it will help a lot.

Letter /G/ Blending

As stated before, the letter /g/ sound can be a bit tricky for students, so be sure to practice this sound a lot. You can repeat the /g/ sound and the activities stated above until they are able to say the sound by themselves. Make sure the /g/ sound is clear and distinct, and they are able to remember it without too much help.Once they can say the /g/ sound well, you can move onto adding vowels to the sounds. 

Have the students start with the easy sounds in ga,ga,ga, go,go,go, gee,gee,gee and goo,goo,goo. After they can blend these sounds well, you can move on with the three letter CVC words as in g-a-p, g-e-t, d-o-g. There are many letter /g/ words in English, so you can find many everyday words to blend together to help them with this letter.

Once the students can say the /g/ sound well, make sure that they are blending the words properly. This is important, as many words also contain the letter /g/ at the end, so they will need to blend these words as well. Note that when blending these words, such as b-a-g, d-o-g, f-o-g, that the students do not end with a “g-uh” sound. If they do, the words will end up sounding like dog-uh and bag-uh. When blending the last letter /g/, be sure to stop sharply with the /g/ sound. This will help them blend words correctly when they are learning more vocabulary.

Checkout our Top 25 phonics books for reading letters

Everyday English

Once the students can repeat the /g/ sound well and blend words well, they are able to move onto repeating everyday words. However, be sure that their /g/ sound and blending is correct, as many students may struggle with these and are not ready to move on to full words yet. Repeat the sound as much as possible so they understand how to make the /g/ sound and blend well.

Many animals start with the letter /g/, such as goat, goose and gorilla. You can even pretend to act as a gorilla and be King Kong!

There are various colors that start with /g/ like green, gold and gray. You can point at the grass or trees when walking about , and say the word green.

Some foods start with the letter /g/, for example gum, grapes and green beans. You can make a chewing action when saying the word gum, and even blend it too!

Letter /g/ sentence reading

After learning how to say and blend words with the letter /g/, it’s good to introduce basic sentences to the children to read. These sentences are meant to be basic for students learning the alphabet letters and phonics as their second language.

Here are some short sentences you can read together with the students.

A big dog.

A good dog.

I can go. 

I go get a bag.

I go get a dog.

It’s important your students practice reading short sentences, so they gain the confidence and can practice their blending skills. Therefore, encourage your students to read these sentences to improve their phonics and blending with the letter /g/ !

Letter G tongue twisters

The letter /g/ tongue twisters can be tricky to say, so get your tongues ready for some challenging sentences!

Greek grapes.

Greek grapes.

Greek grapes.

Great golfer gary got good golding grades on the green, green grass.

Great gray gaping grape grates.

Green glass globes glow greenly.

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